quinta-feira, 25 de outubro de 2012

João de Sousa Lima é diplomado novo Membro do GECC - Grupo de Estudos do Cangaço do Ceará

João de Sousa Lima recebeu hoje (25/10/2012) o Diploma de Sócio Honorário do GECC- Grupo de Estudos do Cangaço do Ceará. O diploma foi entregue pelo  Escritor Ângelo Osmiro, presidente do GECC, com a participação dos sócios Tomaz  Cisne e Ezequias Menezes.

A Equipe oriundo de Fortaleza entregou o Diploma ao Escritor  João de Sousa Lima estando em visitação ao Museu Casa de Maria Bonita.

Os pesquisadores fizeram uma excursão nas trilhas do cangaço, saindo de Paulo Afonso, indo a Piranhas e Poço Redondo.

O GECC é hoje um dos principais Grupos de Estudos do Cangaço e tem realizado grandes trabalhos em prol da cultura, divulgando novos escritores e suas obras e sempre atentos aos acontecimentos referentes ao tema.

Além de João de Sousa Lima outros dois pesquisadores já receberam a honraria: Alcino Alves Costa (Poço Redondo, Sergipe) e Carlos Eduardo (Rio de Janeiro, RJ).

No Museu Casa de Maria Bonita a entrega do Diploma.

Na casa onde nasceu Maria Bonita uma pose com a Guia  que ainda é da família da Rainha do Cangaço.

No povoado Riacho uma parada para ver o conjunto arquitetônico construído em 1900 pela coiteira Generosa Gomes de Sá.

Saindo de Piranhas atravessamos o Rio São Francisco até Sergipe onde fomos visitar a casa de Senhor Correia Brito. Nessa casa, segundo informações, Lampião teria jogado baralho, por algumas vezes,  com o Senhor Correia Brito e seu genro tenente João Bezerra.

Na foto vemos os fundos da casa. João, Zeca e Ângelo.

Tomaz, Zeca e João de Sousa Lima

Tomaz, Ângelo Osmiro e João de Sousa Lima

A casa do Senhor Correia Brito construída em 1912, e o anexo que servia de dormitórios para os visitantes, construída em 1928.

O retorno chegando a Piranhas contando com o trabalho do barqueiro e guia Nito.

GECC - Grupo de Estudos do Cangaço do Ceará, um grupo voltado para a valorização e divulgação do tema cangaço. No momento é um dos grandes incentivadores das novas obras literárias e dos novos estudiosos do tema que buscam suporte para realizarem suas pesquisas.

Enviado pelo escritor e pesquisador do cangaço: João de Sousa Lima


Para os países que falam Inglês
Typical city in northeastern Brazil during the first half of the twentieth century –

At Carnaíba de Flores, he surrounded the city and delivered a threatening message: if the sum requested was not handed over, he would set fire to the village and slaughter everyone. The sum was considerable, but not excessive, and so the village notables immediately began to make a collection. But suddenly a very large, unexpected “flying squad” brigade appeared, and the cangaceiros, warned by their sentries, prudently withdrew. Afterwards, the band presented themselves again without warning, took the dialogue that had been interrupted a few months earlier back up and obtained satisfaction.

An episode that was well-known and widely talked about due to the rank of the victim was the attack against the fazenda of a very rich aristocrat, the baroness of Água Branca. Though he didn’t touch the jewelry the lady wore, Lampião plundered the rest, pins, rings, bracelets, necklaces, precious stones and other objects of gold, among which was a golden chain that he later gave to his partner Maria Bonita. She wore it until her death, after which it ended up in the pocket of some soldier or officer.

The Lampião partner, Maria Bonita. She died along the famous bandit in 1938 –

Thus, Lampião unfailingly walked his road, devouring mile after mile of the sertão.[43]

In 1926, he met Father Cicero in the holy city of Juazeiro. Along with the title of captain, he received modern armaments and ammunition from the government. He was supposed to go fight the Prestes column (Luís Carlos Prestes would later become the secretary general of the Brazilian Communist Party) that had been formed following the failed coup d’etat of the democratic officers and that had undertaken a long march through Brazil. Lampião accepted the priest’s blessing, the title of captain and the arms, but took care not to attack the Prestes column, since he didn’t consider it his affair.

Photo of the leaders of the insurgent group known as “Prestes Column”. This group was led by the Brazilian Army captain Luís Carlos Prestes, who fought against the government structure that existed in Brazil in the latter half of the 1920s.

In June 1927, Lampião set a course for an important city, Mossoró, which was even richer than the others, in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. He communicated that he demanded a high ransom. As his whole response, the prefect sent him a package containing one rifle shell. The “captain” was enraged. In one village, the cangaceiros threw a merchant onto the pavement, distributing his pieces of cloth to the poor. In others, they pulverized all that came within range. It was a technique of terror.

In the end, the cangaceiros divided into four groups and attacked the city. But Mossoró and its police expected them. Lampião underestimated the enemy and found himself at a disadvantage. Always a realist, he sounded the retreat and the one hundred fifty bandits fell back in perfect order. The loss was minor. The cangaceiros made neighboring cities pay dearly for the defeat. Lootings multiplied. But they didn’t linger in Rio Grande do Norte, which had a terrain that was hostile to them (extensive plains without mountains or forest). Furthermore, that adventure had at least brought them a large amount of loot. Therefore, Lampião coined a maxim: if there is more than one church in a city, it is best to leave it in peace.

During more than twenty years of struggle, Lampião made ​​news in several newspapers, like this 1926

During the return journey to the state of Pernambuco, his most violent conflict with the police occurred; ninety-six cangaceiros against more than two hundred fifty macacos. Lampião, sure of his chances, launched himself furiously into a struggle that to all appearances should have been fatal to him. The men were divided into three groups, and the battle ended with the defeat of the state troops who, despite their machine gun, left more than twenty dead on the ground and carried away about thirty wounded. The losses on the side of the cangaceiros were minimal. Sometimes an act identical to a thousand others becomes a legend, but a witness has reported that he saw it with his own eyes.

So one passes from one year into another, from one state into another, recalling an adventure, a name, an anecdote or even a mere gesture.[44]
Terrifying and magnificent with their leather hats shaped like half moons and decorated with a profusion of medals, silver and gold coins, collar buttons, jewels, rings, in a barbaric and prestigious luxury.

The bandolier of the rifle also overflowed with an infinity of buttons and medals. Pistols and revolvers had holsters of worked and decorated leather, like the belts. Even their saddlebags were richly embellished. The unfailing sharp dagger, about twenty-five to thirty inches long, that was the accessory of the true cangaceiro was slid into its inlaid sheath. They were the incarnation of the mythical warrior, the Avenger.

Lampião and Maria Bonita –

They arrived suddenly. They emerged from the desert, there where they were no longer expected, to vanish as if by magic into the endless expanse of the sertão. In the villages they passed through, they opened the doors of the prisons and the strongboxes of the rich. They seemed to possess the gift of ubiquity. Omnipresent, they escaped police forces as if by magic, the body impermeable to bullets, death and misfortune.

“He takes from the rich to give to the poor” — so it was said of the cangaceiro. In fact, the cangaceiros lived abundantly: always ready for battle, but dissipating the fruits of their robbery in feasts, richly decorated clothes, thousands of acts of generosity that they dispensed around themselves. With their behavior in the face of wealth, they were the exact opposite of the great local property owners. The wealth that the latter had accumulated, the cangaceiros distributed anew. The big landowners conceived of wealth only as private goods, which excluded others, impoverishing them. The cangaceiros, by consuming what they had taken, made everyone participants in the luxury.

Other bandits who participated in the band of Lampião –

Whereas in the ancient “feudal system”, power came from conquest, now it is increasingly based on money. The cangaceiros represented the power that despises money. Expending their dough in purchases paid for without haggling, in banquets and in gifts was a question of honor for them.

If the state guaranteed the power of the “colonels” and the right to property, actually the right to exploit other people’s labor, the cangaceiros seemed to revive the tradition of the bandeirantes, whose great and tireless warrior caravans followed one another in the conquest of the northeast. “Far from the coast, where metropolitan decadence was found, the bandeirantes, profiting from extreme territories such as Pernambuco in Amazônia, seemed to belong to a different race due to their reckless courage and resistance to adversity.”[45]

While the “prestige” of the fazendeiro was based exclusively on exploitation, the cangaceiro rekindled the spirit of conquest. He had gained the money that he dispensed so generously by risking his life, robbing the rich and powerful who were loathed but feared by all.

In the 1930s, the state felt the necessity to reinforce its control over the entire northeast and to completely pacify that vast region far from central power. The reorganization of the police, the institution of checkpoints, the use of radio and telephone, the introduction of more efficient instruments, the development of roads and means of transportation; a vast apparatus was put into action to liquidate banditry. Repression intensified.

Not by chance, during the last years, Lampião remained hidden most of the time. The ranks had diminished. Ammunition had become increasingly dear and almost unfindable. Toward the end, only fifty-five men remained, and when any action was carried out, it almost always occurred in small groups.

Cangaceiro known as “Zeppelin” and his fighting material. In this type of fighting in northeastern Brazil, it was normal for the police to cut the heads of cangaceiros and photographing. This macabre practice was used to present to senior officers and other authorities the result of the fighting.

Specifically, a betrayal caused Lampião’s end.
On July 28, 1938, he was poisoned in Angico, in the state of Sergipe, with some men and his partner Maria Bonita. His “compadre” Corisco’s revenge was terrible. He massacred the entire family of the traitor, who was enrolled directly in the military police.

Corisco’s history was that of all his comrades: revenge and flight. He had been drafted into the army and then deserted. Also a victim of injustice and abuse, he was furthermore humiliated to the point of being trampled by a police deputy. He entered the cangaço. He quickly became the best cangaceiro after Lampião. He managed to find the police who had humiliated again, took the deputy by the feet, ran him through, and inflicted a number of cuts on him with the dagger, making him bleed slowly like a pig.

Continuaremos na próxima semana...

Extraído do blog: "Tok de História" do historiógrafo e pesquisador do cangaço Rostand Medeiros

Livro sobre o Rei do Baião e o RN será lançado na II FLiQ Natal - 26/10/2012

Centenário de Luiz Gonzaga vai ser comemorado na II FLiQ 

O ano de 2012 marca uma importante data na história da música brasileira: 

Cantor Luiz Gonzaga

o Centenário de Luiz Gonzaga, que nasceu em 13 de dezembro de 1912, na cidade de Exu/PE. Dono de uma voz e de composições inconfundíveis, o eterno Rei do Baião não poderia deixar de ser homenageado na II Feira de Livros e Quadrinhos de Natal - FLiQ.

Na noite da sexta-feira, 26, o Auditório, da FLiQ receberá os convidados 

Pesquisador Múcio Procópio

Múcio Procópio e Kydelmir Dantas para um bate papo. 

Pesquisador Kydelmir Dantas

Múcio é pesquisador e palestrante sobre Música Popular Brasileira; e Kydelmir é pesquisador, cordelista, integrante de várias instituições culturais do RN e está lançando o livro “Luiz Gonzaga e o Rio Grande do Norte.”

Eles falarão sobre a trajetória de Luiz Gonzaga e do legado que ele deixou à nossa sociedade, a relação do cantor com o estado do RN e tantas outras curiosidades serão abordadas na II FLiQ. A mesa começará às 18h30min, na sexta-feira, e terá a duração de 1h.

O Circuito Potiguar do Livro, ao longo do ano, preocupou-se em enfatizar o Centenário de Luiz Gonzaga. De forma que o público tivesse a oportunidade de conhecer, admirar e trocar experiências com os estudiosos da obra cultural do artista.

Bethânia Lima
Assistente de Eventos
84. 3201-0501/ 3212-5553

...A lógica do vento

O caos do pensamento
A paz na solidão
A órbita do tempo
A pausa do retrato
A voz da intuição
A curva do universo
A fórmula do acaso
O alcance da promessa
O salto do desejo
O agora e o infinito
Só o que me interessa...


Enviado pelo poeta, escritor e pesquisador do cangaço: 
Kydelmir Dantas

Água Branca na Trilha do Cangaço

Professora Ana Lucia Granja Sousa/ Diretoria Municipal de Cultura
Weskley, Adrianna, Ana Lúcia, Luzia Paiva, Vilela e Cecília

Na noite desta Sexta- Feira (19), tivemos o 1º Seminário Cultural oferecido pela Associação Jovem Guarda de Água Branca, Diretoria Municipal de Cultura e a Prefeitura Municipal de Água Branca onde foi representado pelo Diretor de Cultura Gilmar Queiroz, com o seguinte tema, "Água Branca na Trilha do Cangaço", com a professora Ana Lucia Granja Sousa da Cidade de Petrolina -  Pernambuco, todos que compareceram tiveram uma grande surpresa com o tanto de informações que ate em tão ninguém sabia, a professora Ana Lucia deu uma grande Aula para professores, alunos e população em geral, a cidade de Água Branca ela é rica em cultura por isso tem esse valor imenso na cultura do estado de alagoas.

Assaltada por Lampião em junho de 1922
Casa do Barão de Água Branca - Assaltada por Lampião em junho de 1922

Abaixo Historia sobre o cangaço em Água Branca:

Todo pesquisador com certeza, já fez esse roteiro! Mas, todo curioso ou o mínimo interessado sobre a temática Cangaço deveria, pelo menos uma vez na vida, percorrer as trilhas dos sertões das fronteiras entre os estados de Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe e Bahia; ali; pelos lados de Paulo Afonso, Tacaratu, Inhapi, ,Pariconha, Delmiro, Olho d'Agua do Casado, Piranhas, Poço Redondo, Canindé, Água Branca, enfim.

Joana Vieira Sandes
Baronesa de Água Branca - Joana Vieira Sandes

A região foi cenário do último ato do Rei do Cangaço, Virgulino Ferreira. Por último ato se entenda o fogo do Angico, grota encravada a cerca de 1 km do leito do São Francisco em sua margem Sergipana, no atual município de Poço Redondo, em 28 de julho de 1938. Entretanto, curiosamente, a região também havia sido palco do primeiro grande ato da longa vida fora da lei de Virgulino. Ali em 1922; 16 anos antes; Lampião, recém "nomeado" líder do bando de Sinhô Pereira ataca Água Branca e assalta o casarão da Baronesa Joana Vieira, viúva do Barão de Água Branca.

Cangaceiro Nascido na cidade de Água Branca
O cangaceiro Corisco nasceu em Água Branca

Água Branca, também vem a ser o berço de um dos mais destacados cangaceiros da história: Cristiano Gomes da Silva Cleto, Corisco - O Diabo Louro; quando o local ainda se chamava "Matinha de Água Branca" ,ainda povoado de Mata Grande. Passando a Água Branca em função de haver na serra do mesmo nome, uma magnífica fonte de água muito branca.

A baronesa de Água Branca, dona Joana Vieira Sandes, era viúva do Barão de Água Branca;  Joaquim Antônio de Siqueira Torres; e já contava mais de 90 anos quando sua residência foi invadida e assaltada por Lampião e seu bando, nesse que é contado em prosa e verso, como o primeiro ato do Rei do Cangaço, como chefe efetivo de um bando. Era o mês de Junho de 1922. Por muito tempo as jóias roubadas da Baronesa de Água Branca, ornaram a figura da rainha do Cangaço, Maria Bonita.

Quem não conhece, precisa conhecer. Água Branca é uma região de serra, segundo ponto mais alto do estado de Alagoas, clima bom e de povo acolhedor, atualmente tem uma população estimada em 19.377 hab. Vale a pena, e; estando lá, podemos dá uma esticadinha a Paulo Afonso, Delmiro, Piranhas, etc.. etc... etc...

Publicado no dia 18/04/2012 em:

Lampião contra o Mata Sete

Autor: Archimedes Marques

Preço: R$ 50,00
Agência: 3088-0
Conta: 33384.0
Em nome de Elane Lima
Marques (Minha esposa).